What are the Basic Positions and ways to Score Points in BJJ (Brazilian Jiu Jitsu)?

Grappling Mastery: Brazilian Jiu Jitsu & MMA Academy

The philosophy of Brazilian Jiu Jitsu positioning is to improve your position while preventing your opponents from improving theirs.  “Position BEFORE Submission” is the mantra.  Most positioning revolves around use of the legs. Points are scored when we improve our position and are also explained below. There are many variations, however the most basic positions are as follows:

  1. Takedown (2 points)
  2. Guard (no points, however we can avoid the 2 point takedown if we “Pull Guard”)
  3. Mount (4 points)
  4. Side Control (3 points for passing the opponents Guard to this position)
  5. Back Control (4 points)
  6. Half Guard (no points, prevents opponent from scoring 3 points for passing)
  7. Passing the Guard (3 points) (additional points can be scored from “Knee on Belly” and “Mount”)
  8. Advantage Points (can be scored with takedown attempts, submission attempts, sweep and passing attempts, dominant top half guard, and forcing an opponent to turtle.

Here is a video reviewing the basic positions in BJJ.  These positions are also important aspects of MMA and Self Defense in addition to Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.

Stayed tuned for future videos when we will show more advanced positions in detail including:

Jeff Glover Seminar Review

Jeff Glover Seminar

Jeff Glover is a Brazilian Jiu Jitsu Black Belt with wins over 7-time World BJJ Black Belt Champion, Caio Terra and a submission win over 6-time BJJ Black Belt World Champion, Robson Moura at the 2011 ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship. Jeff Glover is known for his unique and often humorous grappling style and personality.  Jeff performed a seminar in Orlando, Florida and Professor Brian Ruscio had the opportunity to attend.

BJJ Black Belts Brian Ruscio and Jeff Glover
BJJ Black Belts Brian Ruscio and Jeff Glover

The seminar began with Jeff Glover introducing himself in an expectedly humorous way.  He had two major things to point out before he began showing some great techniques and strategies.

  1. Even though he has no problem finding great training partners at nearby schools where he lives, he pointed out that his main focus is making his teammates into great training partners.  If you see a teammate performing even one detail wrong, correct them and that will go far in making everyone on your team very good.
  2. Everybody is different and has their own game.  Some are have strong, powerful bodies while others have strong, powerful minds.  Some have both.  Adopt moves and techniques that work for your own body and personality.  Create a style that is your own.  What are you doing that is different than everyone else?

The techniques taught were based on the Deep Half Guard, the Guillotine Choke, and the Triangle Choke.

Jeff Glover demonstrating a Deep Half Guard Drill with Brian Ruscio
Jeff Glover demonstrating a Deep Half Guard Drill with Brian Ruscio

Deep Half Guard:

  1. Getting to Half Guard from various positions
  2. Over the Falls
  3. Out the Back Door
  4. Coming up on the Single
  5. Deep Half Counters

See Professor Brian Ruscio winning the NAGA Pan-American Expert Light Heavyweight Division using a Toe-Hold from Deep Half Guard


Jeff Glover demonstrating an Arm in Guillotine with Brian Ruscio
Jeff Glover demonstrating an Arm in Guillotine with Brian Ruscio


  1. One Handed Guillotine
  2. Arm in Guillotine
  3. Guillotine Setup and Finish Strategies

Triangle Choke

  1. Setting up the Triangle Choke Strategies
Jeff Glover Orlando Florida Seminar
Jeff Glover Orlando Florida Seminar

We will be reviewing the techniques demonstrated over the next couple weeks here at Grappling Mastery: Brazilian Jiu Jitsu & MMA.


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